The Impacts of Tourism

Ricardo Ruiz Martinez

Abstract

This paper examines various types of tourism and their impacts in four different areas: economy, society, culture, and environment. Some examples of different types of tourism include cultural tourism, business tourism, medical tourism, religious tourism and ecotourism. This paper goes into detail and specifies the positive as well as the negative impacts of some of the types of tourism. Tourism can enhance economic growth, increase quality of life, increase environmental awareness, promote technological development, and assist in the survival of cultural traditions among others. On the other hand, economic growth can also increase prices in specific regions, create environmental deterioration, and cause demonstration effect in society. Another objective examined in this paper is whether sustainable tourism can be achievable or just a marketing tool used by community leaders and companies to attract people. After a lot of research, it is concluded that the positive impacts outweigh the negative impacts and that sustainable tourism is viable.