John J. Stachura, PT DPT MBA Cert. MDT FAAOMPT
Iontophoresis is a modality that uses bipolar electrodes to transfer ions in solution through the intact skin. Iontophoresis, a painless and noninvasive intervention, provides patients and practitioners with an alternative treatment from traditional needle injections for a variety of musculoskeletal conditions. This project is a literature review of the effectiveness of iontophoresis in modulating pain and inflammation for patients with musculoskeletal conditions.
Maloney, Allison; Mauro, Michael; Merchant, Ellen; and Miller, Shawn, "The Effectiveness of Iontophoresis in Modulating Pain and Inflammation in Musculoskeletal Conditions" (2018). Academic Festival Posters. 32.