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Document Type


Publication Date



Physical Therapy

Faculty Advisor

Laurie Walsh, PT, BS, JD, MS


With the ever-evolving demographics of the United States, cultural competence has become an essential component of the healthcare professional practice. To continue improving the PT profession, cultural education should be implemented and delivered effectively in professional education programs. The purpose of this research is to determine if lectures, videos, case studies, standardized patient experiences, and ethnographic literature are effective means of teaching cultural competence to physical therapy students. Four articles were analyzed in the literature review, which had similarities and differences in teaching methods. The results of all four studies demonstrated an increase in cultural competence in physical therapy students. This presentation also includes conducted research to determine effective teaching methods for enhancing cultural competence in Daemen’s PT 312 Principles of Teaching and Learning courses.