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Document Type


Publication Date



Physical Therapy

Faculty Advisor

Greg Ford


Blood flow restriction training (BFR) consists of low-intensity weight training with high repetitions while wearing resistance bands on the upper or lower extremities. This can result in significant positive changes in skeletal muscle hypertrophy and strength gains. Occluding the blood flow of an extremity reduces the amount of arterial blood flow to working muscles and venous blood flow return, which has demonstrated an increase in type II skeletal muscle fiber recruitment. Current research is analyzing the use of BFR in an athletic population to stimulate hypertrophy and strength gains while exercising at a relatively low load, thereby decreasing muscle recovery time and risk of injury from heavy weight lifting. This research poster is a review of the literature with respect to the effects of muscle hypertrophy during strength training with and without the use of BFR in athletes.