Title

Mandated Quality of Care Metrics for Medicare Patients: Examining New or Worsened Pressure Ulcers and Rehabilitation Outcomes in United States Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities

Department

Health Promotion

Document Type

Article

Publication Source

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Volume 99, Issue 8, Pages 1514-1524.e1.

Publication Date

2018-8

Abstract

Objective

To examine the association between the Medicare pressure ulcer quality indicator (the development of new or worsened pressure ulcers) and rehabilitation outcomes among Medicare patients seen in an inpatient rehabilitation facility (IRF).

Design

Retrospective descriptive study.

Setting

IRFs subscribed to the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation.

Participants

Nearly 500,000 IRF Medicare patients who were discharged between January 2013 and September 2014 were examined.

Interventions

Not applicable.

Main Outcome Measures

Functional independence, functional change (gain), and discharge destination.

Results

The pressure ulcer quality indicator was associated with poorer rehabilitation outcomes; patients were less likely to achieve functional independence (odds ratio [OR], .47; 95% confidence interval [CI], .44–.51), were less likely to be discharged to a community setting (OR, .88; 95% CI, .82–.95), and made less functional gain during their IRF stay (a difference of 6 FIM points).

Conclusions

These results support that the pressure ulcer quality indicator is associated with lower quality of rehabilitation outcomes; however, given that those patients with a new or worsened pressure injury still made functional gains and most were discharged to the community, the risk of pressure injury development should not preclude the admission of these cases to an IRF.

Keywords

health policy, outcome assessment (health care), quality indicators, rehabilitation

DOI

10.1016/j.apmr.2018.03.007

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