Development of an Assessment and Intervention Package for Restrictive, Rigid Behaviors Displayed by Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Applied Behavior Analysis
Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Introduction: We tested a functional analysis of resistance to change and an intervention to increase flexibility and decrease challenging behavior in response to this resistance with children who have autism spectrum disorder.
Methods: An alternating treatments experimental functional analysis and a multiple baseline design across 2–3 routines, with an embedded reversal design, were conducted with four children with ASD, age 4–10 years. The intervention included (a) lag‐reinforcement to increase behavioural variability, (b) interruption of the routine, (c) an individualized social script to describe coping strategies, and (d) reinforcement for accepting a change in routine.
Results: With intervention, all participants showed a large increase in compliance with requests to change their routine and a large decrease in protests.
Implications: Although further evaluation is necessary, this intervention shows promise for addressing rigid routines and increasing flexibility.
autism spectrum disorder, restrictive behavior, assessment, treatment
Oakes, L; Napolitano, Debbi; Knapp, Vicki Madaus; and Smith, T, "Development of an Assessment and Intervention Package for Restrictive, Rigid Behaviors Displayed by Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorder" (2019). Articles & Book Chapters. 197.