Title

The role of imbibition on seed selection by Harpalus pensylvanicus

Department

Natural Sciences

Document Type

Article

Publication Source

Applied Soil Ecology

Publication Date

2015-03-01

Volume

87

First Page

118

Last Page

124

Abstract

© 2014 Elsevier B.V. Invertebrate weed seed predation is an important component of weed seed loss in agricultural fields. This study investigated the role of seed imbibition on the selection and consumption of the seeds of seven common agricultural weed species by Harpalus pensylvanicus De Geer, a granivorous carabid beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) that is found throughout North America. The volatile organic compounds released by ambient dry and imbibed weed seeds were quantified, and Y-tube bioassays were conducted to determine if H. pensylvanicus individuals responded to volatile compounds released from weed seeds. H. pensylvanicus individuals were found to consume higher masses of seeds for each weed species examined in imbibed versus ambient dry trials (P<. 0.05). Larger seeded species had the greatest increase in mass consumption between dry seed and imbibed seed trials. The seeds from the seven weed species examined released carbon dioxide and ethylene when ambient dry and imbibed, but H. pensylvanicus adults were only able to detect weed seeds through olfaction when volatile release was highest as a result of imbibition. These results demonstrate that seed imbibition is important in determining seed detection and consumption by invertebrates and may affect seed banks in agricultural fields.

Keywords

Carabidae, Imbibition, Olfaction, Seed predation, Volatiles

DOI

10.1016/j.apsoil.2014.11.015

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apsoil.2014.11.015

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