Risk Factors for Discharge to an Acute Care Hospital From Inpatient Rehabilitation Among Stroke Patients
PM and R
Objective: To identify medical and functional health risk factors for being discharged directly to an acute-care hospital from an inpatient rehabilitation facility among patients who have had a stroke. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Academic medical center. Participants: A total of 783 patients with a primary diagnosis of stroke seen from 2008 to 2012; 60 were discharged directly to an acute-care hospital and 723 were discharged to other settings, including community and other institutional settings. Methods or Interventions: Logistic regression analysis. Main Outcome Measurements: Direct discharge to an acute care hospital compared with other discharge settings from the inpatient rehabilitation unit. Results: No significant differences in demographic characteristics were found between the 2 groups. The adjusted logistic regression model revealed 2 significant risk factors for being discharged to an acute care hospital: admission motor Functional Independence Measure total score (odds ratio 0.97, 95% confidence interval 0.95-0.99) and enteral feeding at admission (odds ratio 2.87, 95% confidence interval 1.34-6.13). The presence of a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid-tiered comorbidity trended toward significance. Conclusion: Based on this research, we identified specific medical and functional health risk factors in the stroke population that affect the rate of discharge to an acute-care hospital. With active medical and functional management, early identification of these critical components may lead to the prevention of stroke patients from being discharged to an acute-care hospital from the inpatient rehabilitation setting. © 2014 American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
Roberts, Pamela S.; DiVita, Margaret A.; Riggs, Richard V.; Niewczyk, Paulette; Bergquist, Brittany; and Granger, Carl V., "Risk Factors for Discharge to an Acute Care Hospital From Inpatient Rehabilitation Among Stroke Patients" (2014). Articles & Book Chapters. 282.