Title

The effect of 4 different durations of static hamstring stretching on passive knee-extension range of motion

Department

Physical Therapy

Document Type

Article

Publication Source

Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

Publication Date

2005-01-01

Volume

14

Issue

2

First Page

95

Last Page

107

Abstract

Design: Pretest-posttest. Objective: To determine the effect of 4 durations of static hamstring stretching on knee-extension passive range of motion (KE-PROM). Context: Effects of longer (90 and 120 seconds) static hamstring stretching on PROM have not been established relative to more typically recommended 30- or 60-second durations. Subjects: 35 healthy college-age subjects with >20° loss of KE-PROM. Outcome Measure: KE-PROM. Intervention: 5-week program of single daily stretch for 30, 60, 90, or 120 seconds. Results: Static stretching was effective in increasing KE-PROM regardless of stretch duration (P < .0001). A significant improvement was identified in mean PROM for each stretching group, but no difference existed among the 4 stretch-duration groups. The control group's mean PROM decreased (mean = -3.2°, SD = 1.9), whereas each stretching group increased PROM (means 1.9° to 3.6°). Conclusions: Five weeks of daily static hamstring stretching for 30, 60, 90, or 120 seconds increase KE-PROM. Similar benefits were achieved regardless of stretch duration, suggesting that clinicians need not perform static hamstring stretches of more than 30 seconds. © 2005 Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc.

Keywords

Exercise, Flexibility, Lower extremity, Muscle

DOI

10.1123/jsr.14.2.95

https://doi.org/10.1123/jsr.14.2.95

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