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Document Type


Publication Date



Health Promotion

Faculty Advisor

Stephanie Malinenko, MBA


Infant mortality rate is not only an indication of maternal and infant health, but the overall health of a population as well. Within the past 8 years, America has ranked 26th in infant mortality when compared to other developed nations. Examining infant mortality rates (IMR) at a national level among racial groups, the following has been concluded: IMR for African Americans is 10.9%, yet for white infants it's 5.1%. The same holds true for IMR at the city level. In Buffalo, IMR is 14.5% and 9.3%, for black and white infants respectively. There are many risk factors that contribute to these alarming statistics. This work hypothesizes that the detrimental effects of life-long minority status experienced by African American women are influenced by inequities in socioeconomic status, education, and judicial treatment, all of which have a significant effect on IMR. Elimination of racial disparities is essential to address infant mortality rates for American mothers.