Correlative Assays of Barnacle Cyprid Behaviour for the Laboratory Evaluation of Antifouling Coatings: A Study of Surface Energy Components
Laboratory evaluation of antifouling coatings is underpinned by settlement studies with specific fouling organisms. Established methods provide insight into the likelihood of failure of a particular coating system, but can neglect the process of surface selection that often precedes attachment. The present approach for quantifying the exploratory behaviour of barnacle cypris larvae suggested that inspection behaviour can be a rapid and predictive proxy for settlement. Two series of xerogels with comparable total surface energy, but different dispersive and polar components, were evaluated. Settlement assays with three-day-old cyprids of Balanus improvisus demonstrated that while attachment was not linked directly to dispersive free energy, the composition of the xerogel was nevertheless significant. Behavioural analysis provided insight into the mechanism of surface rejection. In the case of a 50:50 PH/TEOS (phenyltriethoxysilane-based) xerogel vs a 50:50 TFP/TEOS (3,3,3-trifluoropropyltrimethoxysilane-based) xerogel, wide-searching behaviour was absent on the former.
Barnacle, antifouling, settlement behaviour, behavioural analysis, cyprid, xerogel
Aldred, N., Gatley-Montross, C., Lang, M., Detty, M., & Clare, A. (2019). Correlative Assays of Barnacle Cyprid Behaviour for the Laboratory Evaluation of Antifouling Coatings: A Study of Surface Energy Components. Biofouling, 1-14. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/08927014.2019.1577394