Title

The performance of children developing typically on the pediatric balance scale

Department

Physical Therapy

Document Type

Article

Publication Source

Pediatric Physical Therapy

Publication Date

2010-12-01

Volume

22

Issue

4

First Page

350

Last Page

359

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate Pediatric Balance Scale (PBS) performance in children developing typically. Methods: The PBS was administered to 643 children developing typically per parent report, aged 2 years 4 months to 13 years 7 months. RESULTS: A 2-way analysis of variance and post hoc analyses identified significant age and gender differences in PBS performance. The Spearman rank correlation analysis identified associations between PBS scores and age, height, weight, and body mass index. Data were analyzed using 95% confidence intervals of the means to identify PBS typical performance ranges for each age and gender group. The lower bound of the 95% confidence intervals was used to identify outliers and determine a "critical cut score" for each group. The numbers and percentages of children scoring above and below this critical cut score were calculated to further describe the sample. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides the clinician with guidelines for interpretation of PBS performance. Copyright © 2010 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins and Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association.

Keywords

age factors, body height, body mass index, body weight, child, child development, growth and development, movement/physiology, neuropsychological tests, postural balance/physiology, posture/physiology, psychomotor performance/ physiology, reference values, sex factors

DOI

10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181f9d5eb

https://doi.org/10.1097/PEP.0b013e3181f9d5eb

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