Short-Term memory isolation: Null, facilitative, and debilitative effects and their preconditions
Journal of General Psychology
This study attempted to account for the three possible outcomes which result from creating an outstanding item in a serial list. The existing literature reports null, facilitative, and debilitative effects on overall list performance. Eighty-two male and female undergraduates were shown either a simultaneously or successively presented 11-item list of letters and instructed for immediate recall. The isolate, which appeared in the middle of the list, consisted of either a CCC trigram larger than the other consonants in the list or a large and meaningful CVC. Evidence supporting null, facilitative, and localized debilitative effects was considered. The preconditions for these various effects resulting from item isolation were presented. © 1980 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
Cimbalo, Richard S.; McQuestion, Connie; and Wittig, Donna M., "Short-Term memory isolation: Null, facilitative, and debilitative effects and their preconditions" (1980). Articles & Book Chapters. 485.