Title

Degree of client disclosure as a function of past disclosure, counselor disclosure, and counselor facilitativeness

Document Type

Article

Publication Source

Journal of Counseling Psychology

Publication Date

1977-01-01

Volume

24

Issue

1

First Page

41

Last Page

47

Abstract

Examined the relationship between a client's past disclosure rate, specific situational variables, and client disclosure rate in counseling. College students receiving individual counseling services (36 male and 64 female) served as Ss. Each S received 2 questionnaires that contained 3 forms of the Jourard Self-Disclosure Questionnaire and a revised form of the Relationship Questionnaire. Results do not provide total support for any 1 theory of self-disclosure in counseling. A client's past tendency to self-disclose was significantly related to present tendency to self-disclose in the counseling relationship; however, present disclosure rate was also strongly related to certain situational variables, including client perception of counselor self-disclosure and counselor facilitativeness. The relationship between client perception of counselor facilitativeness and client perception of both client and counselor self-disclosure appears to occur through the client's perception of the counselor as warm and empathic, not through perception of the counselor as genuine. (19 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved). © 1977 American Psychological Association.

Keywords

past self disclosure & counselor disclosure & facilitativeness, tendency to self disclose during individual counseling, college students

DOI

10.1037/0022-0167.24.1.41

https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.24.1.41

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