Title

An interprofessional activity involving pharmacy and physician assistant students aimed at reinforcing the patient care process

Department

Physician Assistant

Document Type

Article

Publication Source

Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning

Publication Date

2021-01-01

Volume

13

Issue

11

First Page

1529

Last Page

1537

Abstract

Background: Pharmacy students should have the opportunity to practice applying the Pharmacists' Patient Care Process (PPCP) in an interprofessional environment. The purpose of this study was to compare the change in students' confidence in their ability to complete the five steps of the PPCP before and after participation in an interprofessional activity involving physician assistant (PA) students.

Interprofessional education activity: Second-year pharmacy students and second-year PA students completed an activity in teams of six (four pharmacy and two PA students per team) in which they applied the PPCP to a patient case to create a plan of care. Students completed a pre- and a post-survey regarding their confidence in completing the PPCP and their attitudes toward interprofessional collaboration, as well as a program evaluation after completion of the activity.

Discussion: There were 117 pharmacy and 58 PA students divided into 29 interprofessional teams. Of those, 99 (85%) pharmacy and 52 (90%) PA students completed both surveys. There was a statistically significant increase in confidence to perform the PPCP for all students, with a large effect size. There were no changes in attitudes toward interprofessional collaboration. Overall, the program evaluation reflected the activity was rated highly by students.

Implications: The interprofessional activity demonstrated a positive effect on students' self-reported confidence in their ability to complete steps of the PPCP. While the interprofessional activity did not affect student attitudes toward interprofessional collaborative practice, the activity was rated highly and most found it to be an important part of their professional development.

Keywords

interprofessional, pharmacists, physician assistants, students

DOI

10.1016/j.cptl.2021.09.018

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cptl.2021.09.018

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