Examination of the Effects of Age, Sex, and Motor Ability Level on Balance Capabilities in Children with Cerebral Palsy GMFCS Levels I, II, III and Typical Development using the Pediatric Balance Scale
Purpose: Explore effects of age, sex, and motor ability level on balance capabilities in preschoolers with and without Cerebral Palsy (CP).
Method: PBS was administered to 477 children 24 through 59 months: 258 with typical development (TD) and 219 with CP GMFCS levels I, II and III.
Results: 3-way ANOVA indicated PBS scores were significantly affected by age (F4,437=26.95, p
Conclusion: Children with TD outperformed children with CP GMFCS level I 36-59 months and children with CP GMFCS levels II and III 24-59 months. Expected performance values for children with TD and children with CP, ages 24-59 months, at GMFCS levels I, II and III are provided.
Franjoine, M. R., Darr, N., Young, B., McCoy, S. W., & LaForme Fiss, A. (2021). Examination of the effects of age, sex, and motor ability level on balance capabilities in children with cerebral palsy GMFCS levels I, II, III and typical development using the Pediatric Balance Scale. Developmental Neurorehabilitation. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1080/17518423.2021.1943033